• Vectors like rats and insects invade refuse dumps and spread various diseases

• Vectors like rats and insects invade refuse dumps and spread various diseases.
• During handling and transfer of hospital and clinic wastes, disease transmission may take place.
• Water and food contamination through flies causes various diseases in humans as dysentery, diarrhea and amoebic dysentery.
• Rats dwelling with infectious solid wastes may spread diseases like plague, salmonellosis, trichinosis, endemic typhus etc.
• Water supply, if gets contaminated with pathogens present in solid wastes, may result in cholera, jaundice, hepatitis, gastro enteric diseases etc.
• Choking of drains and gully pits by the solid wastes results in water logging which facilitates breeding of mosquitoes and results in the spread of diseases like malaria and plague.