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SHOULD ALL FORMS OF GAMBLING BE ABOLISHED?

Programme: BSc (Hons) Finance minor Law

Module: Communication Skills

Module Code: COMMS1010

Submitted by: Garosurn Chandnee

Student ID: 1813777

Submitted to: Santokhee Urvashi

Date: 18th September 2018

Faculty of Law and Management
Department of Finance and
Accounting

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Table of content
Brainstorming 3
Allied Reading and Findings 4
The organisation of Ideas 7
Essay 8
Bibliography 11

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Gambling
Brainstorming
Benefits
Drawbacks
? Divorce and Arguments
? Isolation
? Financial constraints
? Suicide
? Mental and physical health
issues
? Disrupts school and work
activities
Benefits
? Tax revenue
? Boost up tourism sector
? Charity
Types of
gambling
? Lotteries
? Horse Racing
? Sports
Betting
? Casino

Betting of money on
the element of luck
with the sole idea of
becoming rich

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Gambling

Allied Reading and Findings
Reading Log 1:
Blasszczynski, A.P., And Silove, D.,(1996). Pathological gambling:
Forensic Issues. Australian and New Zealand Journal of
Psychiatry, 30(3), 358-369
Aim of paper To analyse the behaviour of
Pathological gamblers and how
gambling is regarded in the
society.
Summary This article determines the
nature of compulsive gamblers
and highlights that these
obsessed gamesters are more
vulnerable to commit crimes. In
addition, a higher proportion of
teenagers are addicted to
gambling as compared to
adults. Gaming is deeply rooted
in America and is considered
as a recreational activity by the
residents.
Reference
-Direct quote

According to Blaszczynski and
silove(1996,p.160) “Criminal

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behaviours among adolescent
gamblers may be more
prevalent than among adult
gamblers, in part because
youths have few options for
obtaining funds and greater
susceptibility to social pressure
among gambling peers.”
-paraphrase Blaszczynski and silove claimed
that young gamblers are more
likely to be involved in criminal
activities than adult gamesters
as these youngsters have
limited sources of acquiring
finance and are highly
influenced by friends who
gamble.

Reading Log 2:
Irene, L., and Millicent, P., (2016). Gaming behaviour and
addiction among Hong Kong adolescents. Asian Journal of
Gambling Issues and Public Health, 6(6)
Aim of paper To analyse the gaming attitude
of youngsters and to explore
the benefits and drawbacks
connected with it
Summary As per this article, addicted

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teenagers are engrossed in
achieving a high score in their
game and tend to be more
aggressive. They also neglect
their studies and have poor
results during exams. These
young gamblers often undergo
emotional trauma.
Reference
-Direct quote

According to Irene and Millicent
(2016, p. 54) “Many pathological
gamers have a positive
appraisal of their intelligence
and gaming skills but a
negative view of their social
competence in intrapersonal
interactions.”

-Paraphrase

Irene and Millicent asserted that
a lot of compulsive gamblers
are certain about their agility
and proficiency at playing
games. However, they believe
that they are incapable to
socialise with people.

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The organisation of Ideas
Introduction -Define gambling and give a brief insight
into the various types of games
-Analyse the position of the gambling
industry in this fast-changing society
-State that the betting of money has
given rise to two schools of thoughts
Body
-paragraph 1

-State the benefits to the economy(mostly
to the tourism sector)
-Explain how it generates tax revenue
-Describe how gaming helps in charity
-Paragraph 2 -Comment on how it disrupts schools
and work activities
-Explain how wagering of money leads to
financial constraints
-paragraph 3 -Discuss how it results in isolation and
causes marital disturbances
-Describe how gambling results in
criminal activities
-paragraph 4 -Elaborate on the mental and physical
health issues associated with it
-conclusion -Give a fair view of the points discussed
above

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Should all forms of gambling be abolished?
Gambling, the betting of money on the element of luck with the sole idea of
becoming rich has been a long-dated activity in many parts of the world.
Following drastic alterations occurring in this sophisticated society, various
types of gaming such as land-based casinos have emerged to suit the
changing tastes and hobbies of mankind. It has grown at an unprecedented
rate over the last decade and is now a multi-billion industry. This practice of
wagering money has given rise to two schools of thoughts, each supporting
their views firmly.
It is an undeniable fact that casinos and other gambling establishments
attract an influx of tourists by offering a variety of games like poker,
blackjack, and slot machines. Therefore, the tourism industry is highly
boosted up by such an activity. As a result, it generates a huge amount of
foreign currencies which increase the national income and at the same time
improve the balance of payment of an economy. The government also earns
revenues through taxation of gambling venues and from gamblers, which are
used to finance many state projects. According to Clotfelter (2005, p.306),
“In most countries, these tax rates tend to be much higher than those exist
for other industries.” In line with this, a survey conducted by the Rockefeller
Institute revealed that state earnings from gaming have increased
significantly from 1998 to 2007 and totalled $23.3 billion in 2007.
Furthermore, charitable organisations use gambling such as Bingo Games
and lotteries to raise money for donation purposes, with the sole aim to
maximise the welfare of the needy people.
However, it is to be noted that the wagering of money poses a threat to
students and workers. According to the Council on Compulsive Gambling of
Pennsylvania (CCGP, 2003), pupils who have developed an addiction
towards gaming utilise their school lunch money for betting and frequently

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absent themselves from schools. Consequently, they neglect their studies
and miss important chapters covered in class which eventually lead to failure
in exams. These children are often school dropouts and afterward, have
limited career opportunities. In addition, gambling interrupts working activities
as the bettors use their working hours to call bookies for betting purposes.
So, they are neither able to submit projects nor to attend meetings on time.
As a consequence, these inefficient employees are fired from their jobs and
lose their primary means of income due to which, they are unable to pay
bills, loans, and expenses. On the other side, banks refuse to lend money
to these jobless gamesters. Being financially unstable, the illegal money
lenders prove to be the sole alternative for them to finance their betting.
Annex to it, extreme staking negatively affects the health of individuals. In
accordance to a review by the Centre for Addiction and Mental Health
(CAMH), compulsive gamblers suffer from stress, anxiety, and depression
which reduce their ability to resolve problems, think and fall asleep.
Ultimately, they have recourse to alcohol, drugs, and cigarette smoking as
they believe the consumption of these products will give them relief. The
study also disclosed that these obsessed gamblers develop self-inflicted
attitudes like committing suicides. As per a survey of Gamblers Anonymous
Members, 77% of the bettors wish to die. These types of destructive
behaviours have a direct impact on the partners. Lorenz and Yaffee (1988)
claimed that the spouses of the pathological gamblers experience chronic
headaches, feel dizzy and have difficulty to breathe. Together with this,
Petry (2006) annunciated that gamesters, who have developed a high
dependence on gambling, are more at risk to experience back or neck pain
and high blood pressure. She acknowledged that these health issues are
caused due to the lack of exercise and untimely eating. Also, these
dependent players are 3 times more likely to get heart disease as compared
to people without gambling disorder.

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Besides, the practice of excessive wagering of money encourages the
players to commit crimes like robbery, larceny and many similar unlawful
acts since it is an easy way for them to acquire capital to gamble. Couple
with it, corruption is also linked with gambling, for example, when the bettor
bribes the gaming officers who supervise the betting activities and expose
illicit staking. On top of that, mafia problem is another major vice associated
with gambling. This occurs when the gambler has delayed his payment or
could not pay back the cash owed to these illegal bookmakers. These mafia
groups exist mostly in Italy, Mexico, Cuba, amongst others. As an aftermath,
these mafias make frequent visits to the debtor’s place, often with coercive
threats to him and to his loved ones. Hence, the family members keep
pressuring the addicted player to stop gambling and to repay the debts.
Thus, according to Lorenz and Shuttleworth (1993), the gamester will not
only isolate himself from his family but also from his friends and relatives in
order to conceal his gambling behaviour. This usually weakens family ties
and creates disputes between the couples where in most cases, the result is
divorce.
In a nutshell, gambling can be regarded both as a social evil and as a
feasible tool for growth. Therefore, the decision to eliminate all kinds of
gambling depends greatly on the gambler’s control over his wagering habits.

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Bibliography
1. Bland, R.C., Newman, S.C., Orn, H., and Stebelsky, G.,
1993. Epidemiology of pathological gambling in Edmonton.
Canadian Journal of Psychology,38,108-112
2. Custer, R.L., and Milt, H., 1985. When Luck Runs Out. New
York: Facts on File Publications
3. Lesieur, H.R., and Rothschild, J., 1989. Children of
Gamblers Anonymous Members. Journal of Gambling
Behaviour,5, 269-281
4. Lorenz, V.C., and Yaffee, R.A., 1986. Pathological gambling:
Psychosomatic, emotional and marital difficulties as reported
by the gambler. Journal of Gambling Behaviour, 2(1), 40-49
5. Centre for Addiction and Mental Health (CAMH), 2010. The
effects of gambling on family
Available at:
http://www.problemgambling.ca/EN/GettingHelp/Pages/TheEffectsOf
Gambling.aspx Accessed 10 September 2018
6. Council on Compulsive Gambling of Pennsylvania (CCGP),
Talking to students about gambling
Available at:
http://www.pgcb.state.pa.us/Files/Compulsive/ccgp_Talking_to_stude
nts_About_Gambling.pdf Accessed 10 September 2018

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7. Lesieur, H., 1979.Psychiatry: The compulsive gambler’s spiral
of option and involvement,79-87
8. Lorenz, V., And Shuttleworth, D., 1983. The impact of
pathological gambling on the spouse of the gambler. Journal
of community psychology,11,67-76
9. Williams, R.J., 2011. The Social And Economic Impacts of
Gambling, University of Lethbridge
Available at:
https://www.Uleth.ca/dspace/bitstream/handle/10133/1286/SEIG_F
INAL_REPORT_2011.pdf Accessed 10 September 2018
10. Fisher, S., 1991. Government response to juvenile fruit
machine gambling in the U. K, where do we go from here?
Journal of Gambling Studies,7(3),217-247
11. Petry, N., 2006. Cognitive-Behavioural Therapy for
Pathological Gamblers. Journal of consulting and clinical
psychology,74,555-567
12. Campbell, B.N., National Gambling Impact Study
Commission Final Report
Available at:
http://books.google.mu/books/about/National_Gambling-
Impact_Study_Commissio.html?id=p7ZF9KW8-Mc;redir_esc=Y
Accessed 10 September 2018
13. Steven, G.K., 2010. Economic Development: Strategies for
State and Local Practice.2nd ed. IN: T.S. Lyons, ed. Is
Gambling a Good Economic Development Bet? ICMA Press

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14. Irene, L., and Millicent, P., 2016. Gaming behaviour and
addiction among Hong Kong adolescents. Asian Journal of
Gambling Issues and Public Health, 6(6)

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