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1.Indigenous knowledge system is the geographical knowledge, skills and philosophies that is single to a culture or society, the philosophical fundamentals of African indigenous knowledge underscored instruction as preparation for life. This was a socially based training that addressed the physical, passionate, mental and social parts of a child’s effective advancement. It offered the child a chance to take part in practical, beneficial and dependable livelihood exercises. Indigenous human have a widespread knowledge of how to live sustainably, and how to sustain physical nature around them. On the other hand, academic education systems have disturbed the practical everyday life of indigenous knowledge systems and indigenous ways of learning, replacing them with abstract knowledge and academic ways of learning. The disrespectfulness of Western scientists for local indigenous knowledge system is a serious issue, on sustainable development on indigenous knowledge. “The term ‘indigenous knowledge’ is used to describe the knowledge systems developed by a community as opposed to the scientific knowledge that is generally referred to as ‘modern’ knowledge” (Ajibade, 2003).
It has value not only for the culture in which it evolves, but also for scientists and planners striving to improve conditions in rural localities. Incorporating indigenous knowledge into climate-change policies can lead to the development of effective adaptation strategies that are cost-effective, participatory and sustainable (Robinson and Herbert, 2001).
Complex knowledge of the natural world is not kept to science. Human societies all over the globe have created rich sets of experiences and clarifications identifying with the situations they live in, the indigenous knowledge is not just about respecting or taking good care of nature, it is about prospecting indigenous technological knowledge in forests exploitation, fishing, and agricultural aspects etc. However, Western education has taken over from indigenous knowledge ways of doing things, placing formal education, and academic ways of learning. The western ways of doing things have been said to be the best, and more important than the African Indigenous Knowledge, because it is about science and technology. Lerner (1958) wrote that modern societies use science and technology in such ways that they are characterised by constant innovation and change. It is always argued that country’s using western education are developed and rich, as opposed to the country’s where indigenous knowledge systems still exists. Scientific knowledge has long held a main role and accomplished a predominant position in our developed social orders, however we cannot disregard the way that other legitimate knowledge system exist. The modern western knowledge is the dominating belief around the world now. This has happened because, the modern ways was promoted everywhere, every time by European colonialists to oppress Africans, and influence them to forget Indigenous Knowledge System.
The Modern scientific and technological ways, also have good and bad effects, just like Indigenous knowledge system. Therefore, I arguer, that Western education should be used together, with Indigenous Knowledge education for solutions of problems. According to, 7 reasons to integrate IKS into Science curriculum, August 11, 2012 , “the Science curriculum is an excellent place to integrate Indigenous knowledge system with teaching”. The best way to make the situation better is to integrate the Western science education with the Indigenous education, since them both intend to sustain future environment, for the next generation.