Background of project The word “Kaneshie” means “under the lamp” which refers to its beginnings as a night market

Background of project
The word “Kaneshie” means “under the lamp” which refers to its beginnings as a night market. It was built and commissioned in 1970s, for over forty years of its existence, kaneshie market has been and still known for buying and selling of goods for both whole sell and rental. There are also several services existing there, such as tailors, seamstresses and hairdressers. According to article written by Onedropdot (2018), Kaneshie market is one of the busiest markets in Accra and it is said to be the second largest market in the country. Aside the trade in the two-story building, selling and buying in the opening is brisk.

The Market of Kaneshie was seen as a beautiful innovation and to some extent it is still a remarkable structure. However, it is now becoming very vivid that the design and the operation of the market needs to be looked into.
The state of Kaneshie market has been a great concern of government and most importantly the people who buy and sell in the market. The current uncontrollable and inappropriate dumping of refuse at the market place is rapidly increasing in the market and garbage disposal at the front view of the market over the years. This has led the market to be a ground of insects, rodents and such as cockroaches and mosquitoes breeding. However, those who sell there, sell in this unhygienic condition which is risky on their health. As Ajoa. (2015), stated that if you suffer from claustrophobia, the fear of enclosed places, then visiting the Kaneshie Market is not advisable and it is also bustling, hot, humid and enveloped in all the market smells, making a visit there not the pleasant experience one expects of a traditional Ghanaian market; not a place for lingering. In addition to this, security risk has been increasingly alarming in the market as people continue to lose valuable items such as, purses to mobile phones, necklaces wrist watches, handbags and other valuables. According to Ablekpe (2009), a journalist, Okpo Kofi, had closed from work late one evening. He was crossing over from one side of the road to the other, and on the foot of the overhead bridge robbers pounced on him with dangerous 096202500weapons and robbed him of his mobile phone and other valuables.

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Introduction to project management
There are numerous definitions by different authors in relation to projects in different literature, one of the outstanding definition was presented by Tuman (1983), who defined project as an organization of people committed to a definite purpose or objective. Projects generally involve large, expensive, unique, or high risk undertakings which have to be accomplished at a particular date, for a certain amount of money, with some expected level of performance. At a minimum, all projects need to have well defined objectives and sufficient resources to carry out all the required tasks. Pinto and Slevin (1988), asserted that a project can be seen as having the following features: A definite beginning and end or meaning specified time to completion, a specific, predetermined goal, set of goals or performance expectations, a series of complex or interrelated activities, a limited budget. According to Nilsson and Söderholm (2005), planning and plans are intrinsic features of projects. Plans are intended to organise, guide and direct project team members as they work towards the achieving the stated project goals that have been set out for them.
and the owners should have paid more attention to what a market is, notably in the Ghanaian context, a facility that makes use of natural lighting. But who can blame them? “Dum-sor” and “adumdum-adumdum” were then not in the picture. Today the Kaneshie Market is a three-storey virtual oven, whose mostly covered top lets in little of the lovely, abundant sunlight Ghana is noted for. Also, the country’s present power crisis has underscored its greatest shortcoming. The lights have to be on all the time because it was planned to rely on electric power.  When one drives past one can see the lights on despite the brilliant sunshine outside. Do we need covered markets when we have no need to keep out cold weather, as is necessary in some parts of the world? The most popular markets I know about in Europe are open air ones. Two famous markets in London that come to mind are the Brixton and East Street markets in south London; open air, very long stretches of shops, stalls and vending tables; and no storey buildings. egarding the new Ho market, my question is: Before commissioning the design, did the local authorities ask the women what type of “modern” market would suit them? Are the women of Cape Coast and Mepom being consulted about the design of the new, “ultra-modern” markets? There are many stories of markets put up at great expense but which the traders have refused to occupy for various reasons. Last year, a Ghana News Agency report told of a market at Akyem Oda still not being used four good years after its completion! The reason? The Municipal Assembly had allegedly not provided a wall around the market and the traders were afraid for the safety of their wares left there. Would this need not have been factored in if the women had been consulted initially?  Yet, it seems the local authorities never learn. Market design continues to be decided by the people who normally have no business there: men!It should be mandatory that before a new market is designed, the views of the local women especially, should be sought before anything is put on the drawing board. Above all, even where a storey building is preferred, it should reflect our traditional market design and make use of the plentiful sunlight we are blessed with.      

Reference  
Ajoa. Y.A (2015). Lessons from the kaneshie market (online). 09th January 2015. Available from: https://www.graphic.com.gh/features/features/lessons-from-the-kaneshie-market.html. Accessed on 10th August 2018
Ablekpe, B. (2009). Kaneshie, the suburb that evokes fear. (online). 06th May 2009. Available from: https://www.modernghana.com/news/214778/kaneshie-the-suburb-that-evokes-fear.html. Accessed on 10th August 2018
Pinto, J. K., and Slevin, D. P. (1988). Project Success: Definitions and Measurement Techniques. Project Management Journal, 19(1), 67–72.

Tuman, G.J. (1983). Development and implementation of effective project management information and control systems, in Cleland, D.I. ; King, W.R. (eds.) Project management handbook. New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold Co., 495-532.

Nilsson, A. and Söderholm, S. (2005) From blueprints to maps in project management. EURAM, Munich.

onedropdot (2018). The state of Kaneshie Market. (online) 08th February, 2018. Available from: https://onedropdot.wordpress.com/2018/02/08/the-state-of-kanehsie-market/ Accessed on 10th August 2018.