Hello everyone! Today I am going to talk about social issue with a focus on “should surrogate pregnancy itself be legalized?” This presentation will argue that surrogate pregnancy itself be legalized. For the purpose of this presentation the term surrogate pregnancy can be defined as reproductive assistance in medical treatment which means one woman (the Surrogate Mother) bears a child for another woman (the Intended Mother) or a couple (the Commissioning Parents) including traditional surrogate that a woman who gets artificially inseminated with the father’s sperm and gestational surrogates that a technique called “in vitro fertilization” (IVF) is utilized to gather eggs from the mother, fertilize them with sperm from the father, and place the embryo into the uterus of a gestational surrogate.
The three main arguments to be presented in favour of this topic; firstly, interest of surrogate mothers and commissioning party can be secured, then, infertile couples and homosexuals are able to multiply , finally ,laws is needed to standard the market order.
The one of the most important reason for this is interest of surrogate mothers and commissioning party can be secured. For surrogate mother, pregnancy care, treatment of medical or obstetrical complications, and remuneration are most interrelated to their fundamental interests. Pregnancy care can be divided into three stages, including prenatal, during and postpartum care. Before pregnancy, surrogate is needed to communicate with doctor about medical conditions, dietary supplements, and any over-the-counter or prescription drugs, which helps decrease risks during pregnancy and increases the chance of a safe and healthy delivery. Schedule of regular healthcare appointments throughout each stage of pregnancy is needed and during these visits, doctor will check health of baby and mother, such as monitoring of mother’s blood pressure, the baby’s growth and heart rate, measuring of weight gain, talking about special diet and exercise during pregnancy. Enough rest and proper nutrition can also be ensured after pregnancy. The consideration hereinbefore is in physiology, psychology is significant as well. Although many psychological issues are addressed during the screening, no test can determine issues regarded postpartum depression, which can be magnified by the surrogacy arrangement. A surrogate may not be worried about feeling detached from the baby, but instead may feel lonely for her intended parents. The reason for this sometimes stems from the relationship each party has built up over the course of the nine month pregnancy. It should be understood that the relationship between the surrogate and her Intended Parents is more than just phone calls and emails. In reality, personal details and intimate experiences may have been shared. Can you think of anything more intimate than carrying a baby for someone else? There is extremely definite possibility that surrogate mother become postpartum depression. Risk factors include previous major depression, psychosocial stress, inadequate social support, and previous premenstrual dysphoric disorder. Symptoms include depressed mood, tearfulness, inability to enjoy pleasurable activities, trouble sleeping, fatigue, appetite problems, suicidal thoughts, feelings of inadequacy or rejection, and impaired concentration. All of these can interfere with a woman’s ability to care for herself or her family. Furthermore, like with any pregnancy, there is always the chance for medical or obstetrical complications, which could harm the baby or the surrogate mother. For one, there is the risk of transmission of infectious disease to the surrogate when another woman’s eggs are transplanted into the surrogate. For this reason, both biological parents must be prescreened. If a surrogate develops complications early on that put her life at risk, she might want to end the pregnancy. Another problem that can occur is if doctors discover that the fetus has potential birth defects or other health concerns. In that case, the parents might decide they do not want to continue with the surrogacy. This creates all kinds of legal problems, especially if the sperm is from a donor or eggs other than the surrogate’s were used for pregnancy. The question then becomes who gets to decide whether to proceed with the pregnancy.