How standard solutions are prepared and titrations are carried out in industry

How standard solutions are prepared and titrations are carried out in industry:
right33337500Titration is a method where a solution of a known substance (concentration) ‘standard solution’ is used to figure out the concentration of an unknown substance. Typically, the known solution (titrate) is added from a burette to a known quantity of the unknown solution (analyte) until the reaction is complete. Knowing the volume of the titrate added allows us to determine the concentration of the unknown. An indicator is used to signal the end of the reaction; this is called the endpoint.
A standard solution is a solution containing an exact known concentration of an element or a substance. The difference in industrial and teaching laboratory preparation of standard solution is the process of it. In an industrial environment the standard solutions can be prepared without the supervision of a supervisor, where as in the education institute, there has to be a presence of a laboratory manager or even a technician. This means that the machines can be able to read more quickly and translate the results from the endpoint. Contradicted to a college environment where most of the analysis is manually done which leave room for human errors. In education settings class b glass wear is used such as, volumetric flask, pipette, and others). But in an industrial purposes class A glass wear is used, this give a more accurate reading. Equipment such as the automatic titrator is used by industrial companies, this piece of equipment can take a sample weight from a balance, carry out precise titrations and save solutions to a PC.