Many believe that all political ideologies branched off of the idea of classical liberalism. Following the decline of absolutism, classical liberalism become a very popular ideology as it flourished all over the world. Classical liberalism was initially created by a vast number of great philosophers, such as, Adam smith. What made John Locke stand out was that before him classical liberalism had no structure before him, so he gave it a strong political structure. Locke elaborates the political ideology through his Second Treatise of Government in which he published in 1690. The second treatise includes various thoughts on topics such as the state of nature of humans, natural freedoms, and also the role the state plays in relation to the individual. Locke focuses the book to show the reader the importance of classical liberalism.
When bringing forth the idea of classical liberalism you must also introduce the reorganised ideas of John Locke in regard to independence and individual freedom. Questioning absolutism which will undoubtedly sell out individual rights, Locke suggests common freedom as “to be free from any superior power on earth ” (Second Treatise, Page 15). Also, he asserts each individual is conceived similarly with opportunity alongside rights that ought not be oppressed by government. Moreover, he notions that it isn’t right for an individual or a gathering to outrank others since they gain capacity to demolish or control the subject’s property. Subsequently, Locke communicates normal freedom as being free from supreme government. All through the content, Locke focuses to independence to shield natural freedom furthermore, to help each individual’s entitlement to life, freedom, and property. It is simply following quite a while of absolutism that such innovative ideal is maintained and blessed, accordingly assigning Locke as the philosophical liberal who exemplified this depth of social reorganization into established classical liberalism. All things being equal, Locke is not considered to be an anarchist as he does not deny all expert and government.
Inside the book, Locke constantly alludes to his hypothesis that people were normally naturally introduced the world into a disordered chaotic state (as God purposed), in which they lived preceding the formation of government. He calls it “the state of nature has a nature of law nature to govern it” (Second Treatise, Page 5). Under this widespread law all men are similarly subjected and realize that “no one ought to harm another in his life, liberty, or possessions” (Second Treatise, Page 5). Be that as it may, Locke proceeds to disclose the need to shape a common society of regular power. The need is because of the way that the law of nature is the main law over those in the condition of nature; however, they were without the expert to uphold consistence to that law. Subsequently, to stay away from or control conceivable downturn into “the condition of war” where in men debilitate and utilize drive against others and their properties, social contract is agreed between people to shape an overseeing network.
In synopsis, Locke successfully attests the principles of classical liberalism ” through The Second Treatise of Government by setting up the natures of human, of freedom, of rights, lastly the idea of government organization. In the European phase of Enlightenment, these expressive and motivational segments offer ascent to another arrangement of deliberations and belief systems. Keeping that in mind, Locke characterizes the philosophical and political foundation of the progressive belief system, acquiring his title “the Father of Classical Liberalism”.