Sigmund Freud and Carl Jung regarded dreams as conscious and unconscious interactions. According to their views, the dominant power in dreams was unconscious and their mental activity dominated.
Dream interpretation is summarized in psychoanalysis; it is defined as a technique that uncovers the unconscious desires, urge and conflicts of the patient, moving from the symbols in the open contents of dreams.
According to Freud’s view, dreams indicate that the individual has deep needs and desires and expresses satisfaction. According to Freud, dream interpretation is the main gate opened unconsciously. In addition, the dream creates a window that allows anyone to appear unconsciously and interpret the dream in its own way or by directing a psychoanalyst.
According to Freud, some symbols in dreams are universal, the same.
In Freud, the symbolic system works by applying rules of deterioration in the individual past, which were built by the oidipus complex in the past and the consciousness of the past is organized. According to the assumption of Carl Gustav Jung’s “universal consciousness” or “collective memory”, called collective unconscious, individual symbols show universal existence of “collective unconscious” by the collective unconscious and may become archetypes in this way.
Jung, the founder of contemporary psychiatry, who is interested in physiology and mythology as well as contemporary psychiatry, has said that everything born, everything born, innate and evolving, everything innate has emerged with a common concept brought about by innate evolution. On individual consciousness. Today, it is called ontogenetic psychics, including phylogenetic psychology or the basis of existence. This new concept has a small theology that shakes minds that are accustomed to thinking with classical reasoning. The conflict between these two thinks reflects genetic engineering and psychobiology.
According to Jung’s new concept, the collective subconscious says that genetic features, desires and emotions, which are the decisive role in the emergence of behavior of human communities throughout history, are an abstract domain that is regarded as the accumulation of action-response mechanisms and behavioral examples. In other words, the collective unconscious, including the ancestors of ancestors, is a kind of common memory or universal consciousness, including the experience of the ancestors with certain influences similar to human instinct. This collective consciousness that exists within everybody is called “primitive and deep basic images” or “models of instinctual behavior” as archetypes (archetypes). Archetypes are defined as forms of understanding that form at the animal level of the everyday human brain and consciousness. Humanity, fed from archetypes, is still under the influence of thought at the animal level. When they are conscious, they may appear as images and instincts. In the case of unconsciousness called neurosis, sleep or various forms of consciousness, archetypal images are more likely to appear when they are buried more in the knowledge of this collective. Here, according to Jung, some common symbols in dreams and mythologies stemmed from this collective consciousness.
However, most of the symbols seen in dreams do not usually have a universal meaning, they carry individual meaning; that is, according to the values ??of the inner world of the person who sees his dream. The meaning and value that each person gives to the same symbol is not the same. For example, a lion is a fearful, dangerous animal for a person, but a symbol of power for others. Arslan may be concerned with the danger that one of two people falls into another. In other words, a symbol of horror can be found in another person’s inner world as a scorpion, as a snake in the other, or as an arsenal in the other. In other words, in an expression of fear, acrebi, another lion, another snake in his dream can be seen. For this reason, it is not possible to understand a dream by understanding an individual’s dreams that are created in accordance with the “language of symbols”, but only by one’s own individual analysis and through the books of standard dream expressions. Because the symbols in dreams shape briefly to feelings, thoughts, wisdom, value judgments, fears, the inner world of those who see the dream.