The basic nuclear properties are of utmost importance to understand the interactions which bind the protons and neutrons together in nucleus which further allow us to derive directly or indirectly

The basic nuclear properties are of utmost importance to understand the interactions which bind the protons and neutrons together in nucleus which further allow us to derive directly or indirectly, information on the nuclear structure, as well as on the strong nuclear forces. The light projectiles, such as electrons, protons, neutrons and ?-particles were used for the study of nuclear properties in the beginning. Later on, Due to the high development of modern accelerator techniques, which impart higher energies to heavier projectiles, the study of a cutting-edge topic in nuclear physics such as “Heavy Ion Physics” became possible. The recent progress in HI reactions can be attributed to the development of ion-separation facilities and accelerator technologies currently available in different laboratories of the world, which can accelerate a variety of heavy ions to energies from a few MeV to several TeV range.