VOICE DISORDER DISEASE ESSAY RESEARCH PAPER LOURDES FERNANDEZ SANTA BARBARA COLLAGE CLASS-HIT204-54767 DONNA THOMPSON 4-11-2017 Abstract To provide information on voice conditions and disorders


To provide information on voice conditions and disorders. Each condition is described in detail that facilitate your ability to understand the condition and converse with your doctor. Key information presented on each condition (or group of conditions, such as vocal fold lesions.) Includes:
• Overview information
• Causes and Symptoms
• Specific diagnostic and treatment methods
Most of the conditions are complemented by related link to access patient narratives and details on specific test and procedure. There are many causes of vocal disorder and the underlying problem with many patients is often multifactorial. Vocal overuse, acid reflex, Tabaco use, and chronic allergies are few of the many potential causes of vocal dysfunction. Any patient with persisted hoarseness should be evaluated to rule out laryngeal cancer. Proper diagnosis of the disorder is crucial for appropriate treatment. The difference of voice fall in to a few main categories: Structural, neurogenic, functional, and psychogenic.

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Causes: by many factors, in some cases of a voice disorder in not know, possible causes can include:
• Growths: is extra tissue many form on the vocal cords, this stop the cords from working normally. The growth can include fluid-filled sacs called cysts, wart-like lumps called papilloma, or callus-like bumps called nodules. There may be patches of damage tissue called lesions, or areas of scar tissue. In some people, a band of tissue called a web can grow between the vocal cords. Other growths include a small are of chronic inflammation called a granuloma, and small blister called polyps. Growths can have many causes including illness, injury, cancer, and vocal abuse.
• Inflammation and Swelling. Many things can cause inflammation and swelling of the vocal cords. These include surgery, respiratory illness or allergies, GERD (acid reflex), some medicines, exposure to certain chemicals, smoking, alcohol, and vocal abuse.
• Hormones: Disorders affecting thyroid hormone, female and male and hormones and growth hormones can cause voice disorder.
• Misuse of the voice. The vocal cords can be stressed by using too much tension when speaking. This can cause problems in the muscles in the throat and affect the voice. Vocal abuse can cause the vocal cords to develop calluses or blisters called nodes and polyps. These changes how the voice sounds. In some cases, a vocal cord can rupture from vocal abuse.
• This causes the cord to bleed (hemorrhage), and can cause loss of voiced. Vocal cord hemorrhage needs to be treated right away.
If you have voice disorder, your voice may:
• Have a quivering sound
• Sound rough or harsh (hoarseness)
• Sound strained or choppy
• Is weak whispery, or breathy
• Is high or low or change in pitch
You may have tension or pain in your throat while speaking, or feel your voice box is tired. You may have felt a “lump” in your throat while swallowing, or feel pain when you touch the outside of your throat.
If you have a voice change that last a few weeks, your healthcare provider may send you to see a throat specialist called, Otolaryngologist (Ears, Nose and Throat specialist or ENT). The specialist will ask you about your symptoms and how long you’ve had them. He or She may examine your vocal cords and your larynx using certain test. These may include:
• Laryngoscopy. The doctor view the throat. With indirect laryngoscopy, the healthcare provider holds a small mirror at the back of the throat and shines a light on it.
• Laryngeal electromyogram, or EMG. This test measures electrical activity in the muscle of the throat.
• Stroboscopic. This test uses a strobe light and a video camera to see how the vocal cords are vibrating during speech.
• Imaging test. X-rays and MRI can show growth or other tissue problems in the throat.
Treatment for a voice disorder depends on what’s causing it. Treatment may include:
• Lifestyle changes. Some lifestyle change may help reduce or stop symptoms. Exercise to relax the vocal cords and muscle around them can help in some cases. Warm uo the vocal cords before extensive periods of speaking.
• Speech therapy. Working with a speech-language pathologist can help with certain voice disorder.
• Medicines. Some voice disorders are cause by a problem that can be treated with medicine. For example, antacid medicine may be use for GERD, or hormone therapy for problems with thyroid or female hormones.
• Injection. To treat muscle spasms in the throat with injection of botulinum toxin.
• Surgery. Your doctor can remove some tissue growth. If cancer causes the growth, you may need other treatments, such as radiation and therapy.
Voice is the sound made by air, many things we do can injure our vocal cords, talking too much, screaming constantly and clearing your throat. They also lead to problems such as nodules polyps, and sore on the vocal cords. For most of us, our voices play a big part in who we are, what we do, and how we communicate.

(Freeborn & Kacker, 2017)
Freeborn, D. P., & Kacker, A. M. (2017). UR Medecine University of Rochester. Retrieved from University Rochester Medical Center : www.urmc,rochester.edu