What is a questioned document? Describe at least one example of something that might be a questioned document.
A questioned document is a written or typed document that’s authentic is being questioned. An example of this is a forged check.
What is an exemplar? What are the best types of exemplars?
An exemplar is an authentic sample that is compared to the questioned document, the best type is one that uses the same paper, pen, printer, etc.
What are natural variations? Describe how these may happen.
Natural variations are slight differences that appear in a repeated sample of a person’s handwriting, this happens overtime while writing the same thing over often.
How are stamped signatures different from written signatures?
Stamped signatures always stay the same where written signature do.
What are some of the typescript machines that document examiners may have to investigate? Choose one of these machines and describe what document examiners may look for when comparing the machine to a questioned document.
They might have to examine computers typewriters or photocopiers. When comparing a document to one written on a type writer investigators will look at the ribbon which could possibly have imprints of words on the questioned document.
Critical Thinking Questions
Why are questioned documents important in forensic science? What is one example of a situation where a questioned document might be an important part of a criminal case?
They are important cause they can help link someone to a crime, for example if someone forges a check a document examiner may be able to link the handwriting back to the person who forged it.
What are some of the ways that a document examiner might try to match a questioned document to a specific typewriter? What aspects might they look at?
They could look at specific letter or numbers and ink to try and trace it back to a specific type writer.
Imagine that you have been asked to determine whether a signature on a check is authentic or a forgery. What steps would you take in doing this? What aspects would you examine?
I would try and get the most authentic signature from the person and compare it to the questioned document and try to find similarities between the two to try and figure out if the questioned document is authentic.
Imagine that you have been asked to determine whether a will written fifty years ago is authentic or a modern-day forgery. How would you go about doing this? What aspects would you examine to help you make your determination?
A law enforcement agent is in charge of getting a writing sample from an uncooperative suspect. The agent puts the suspect in a comfortable room and has the person choose from a bunch of pencils and ink pens. The agent takes the questioned document and dictates the information to the suspect, having the suspect write down what she says as she reads from the questioned document. After several paragraphs, the agent stops and has the suspect rewrite the material two more times. What did the agent do wrong in this situation? What did the agent do right?